The Olympics are currently playing in Vancouver, Canada. So, in light of this games I thought I'd point out that the current Olympics had their roots in the 19th Century. Truth is the real roots go back to the old Greek culture 776 BC. Our modern day Olympics date back to the Summer Olympics of 1896 from April 6th -15th.
14 nations participated.
122 total medals were given.
USA earned the most gold at a count of 11.
Greece earned the most medals with a total of 46.
Sports represented: Athletic basically our Track & Field today, Cycling, Fencing, Gymnastics, Shooting, Swimming, Tennis, Weightlifting, and Wrestling.
Links with additional information.
1896 Summer Olympics This site also has some pictures of from the event.