The Whig party was a short lived party of two decades but it was an integral part of the Second Party System for the United States. It operated from 1833-1856. The name was chosen for the American Whigs of 1776 who found for independence. The name was also used because the American Whigs were opposing autocratic rule.
We had four presidents who were Whigs, William Henry Harrison, John Tyler, Zachary Taylor and Millard Fillmore. Both Harrison and Taylor died in office leaving their VP's to hold the office.
The party fell apart because of anti-slavery faction. Lincoln left the party and ran as a Republican when he ran for president.